Sunday, January 31, 2016

Deep #WellWater

By Jam Leynes

A deep well is a simple device that uses the vacuum pump principle in order to extract water from the ground. One of our great innovations that helped us survived. A manual water pump converts human energy into mechanical energy in order to pump out liquid through a series of poles or tubes inserted in the ground tapping to the water reservoir underneath. A hand pump is widely used in every country mostly for irrigation.

A deep well sometimes called a hand pump is pretty popular in the Philippines especially in the rural areas. It is used to pump out water below 15 meters from the ground. There are far places where the only means of getting water is by using deep wells. Water generated from the deep well is not yet safe to drink. People use different types of filtration. Some use make shift filters from stone, sand, coal and some uses advance water filter with different stages. This helps filter the water from debris, mud, and rust. Boiling the water is the most effective way on killing the bacteria, and makes the water safe to drink.

The water coming from the deep well pump is used for cooking, drinking, washing clothes, washing the dishes, house cleaning, taking a bath. Rice farms that are far from the river and is hard to irrigate uses deep well and water pump. Some uses vacuum pump filter with compressed air filter incorporated on it. There are groups of people who check and maintain this deep well pump and they are supported by different non profit and non governmental group organization.

Jam Leynes invites you to learn more about compressed air filter from Fluitek a world leader in providing high quality filter.

For 25 years, Fluitek has helped customers with their every filtration need. From occasional small-item shopper to supplying large factory floors, we've covered most ground over the years to learn exactly what our customers need.

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Sunday, January 10, 2016

What #WellWater Contaminants do Annual #Water Tests Check for?

by Jen Stout

As a well owner, it is important to have annual water tests. While city water systems frequently test the water to monitor the presence of contaminants and natural minerals that can harm plumbing or health, as a well owner, you are on your own to procure the testing. Since conditions in the water table can change rapidly, well owners should test at least annually for coliform bacteria and nitrates. If you have any health or water quality concerns, you should have your well water tested by a professional lab for other contaminants too.

Annual Water Tests for Coliform Bacteria and Nitrates

Coliform bacteria are microscopic organisms present in human and animal waste. Often natural streams become infected when animals deposit waste directly in the water, while runoff in areas with large populations of humans and animals add to the mix. Most strains of coliform are harmless, but if the water contains E. coli, those who drink the water could become sick with diarrhea, dysentery, and hepatitis. For well owners, there is little fear of E. coli infestation unless the well is too shallow, improperly constructed, or damaged; if you have live coliforms in your water, surface water is entering your drinking water supply. Annual water tests should reveal that the water contains less than 5% levels of E. coli, fecal coliform, and total coliform.

Nitrates slip into the water from fertilizer used in farming or landscaping, as well as sewage and geological occurrences. The EPA sets the standards for drinking water from public sources at 10 parts per million (ppm); nitrate beyond this level can be particularly harmful to infants who drink formula mixed with well water and pregnant women and others with reduced stomach acidity. Levels of up to 3 ppm in well water are considered to be naturally occurring and safe for drinking.

You can obtain an annual water test for either of these substances from a certified lab for as little as five dollars each. The results you get may indicate that you need to have more testing done on other potential contaminants. Many labs offer a full package of tests for under $300. Aside from the nitrate and coliform test, you may not need the full package of tests every year unless you have problems. Once you get the results, you need to take action to remedy any problems.

Do More Testing if you Have Concerns

Since many substances in water that can harm you are odorless, tasteless, or colorless, you should consider additional testing if you notice problems with your plumbing or with the taste or appearance of the water. These are indications that metals, sentiment, or organic pollutants are seeping into your water. For example, do you have these plumbing issues?

• Corroded plumbing or piping? Check for corrosion, pH, or lead.

• Stained plumbing fixtures? Check for iron, copper, or manganese.

• Scaly residue or soap that doesn’t lather? Check for hardness, manganese, or iron.

• Water softening equipment that wears out rapidly? Check for pH, corrosion.

• Salty tasting water - you are near heavily salted roadways? Check for chloride, total dissolved solids.

• Objectionable taste or smell? Check for hydrogen sulfide, corrosion metals.

• Cloudy, frothy, or colored water? Check for detergents.

You should also check if:

• You have leakage from your heating oil tank or underground fuel tank.

• You have mixed, used, or spilled pesticides near the well.

• You have experienced back siphoning.

• The area around the wellhead has been flooded or submerged.

• Your septic system absorption field, or your neighbor’s, is within 100 feet of your well.

• You are near coal mining operations, intensive agriculture, gas drilling operations, or a gas station with buried fuel tanks.

Better Safe Than Sorry

As a well owner, you do not have the safeguards of the municipal water system, which routinely tests water for contaminant levels. To ensure the safety of your drinking water, make sure to have basic annual water tests done for the safety of yourself and your family.

Sunday, January 3, 2016

Taking Care of Your #SepticTank

By: Jen Stott

Even though it is hidden out of sight, your septic tank is centrally important for the proper care and disposal of all wastewater produced in your home. While septic systems do not require a great deal of maintenance, a complete lack of attention can result in a sewage backflow and destruction of the current system, along with a potentially serious health risk to the home’s inhabitants. The following suggestions can guide homeowners in caring for their septic tank to maintain wastewater sanitation, storage and disposal.

Follow Correct Procedures for Waste Disposal

Just because an item fits inside the toilet or sink drain does not mean it should enter the septic system. Beware of disposing of items and substances that have the potential to clog the system. For instance, do not flush grease, paper towels, diapers, tissues or coffee grounds into the septic tank. If you are considering installing a garbage disposal in your home, first check that your septic tank has the capacity to handle the additional waste.

Another category of substances to keep away from your septic tank is chemical cleaners not normally used in household operations. While a regular amount of dishwashing and laundry detergent will not upset the system’s bacterial balance, paint thinners, gasoline, oil, antifreeze or an overdose of bleach or other cleaning agents can halt the bacterial digestion needed for the system to properly function.

Perform Regular Maintenance

According to the Environmental Protection Agency, septic tanks should be pumped every three to five years, or when the sludge at the bottom of the tank reaches one-third of the total liquid. If you are not aware of the last time your septic tank received service, schedule an inspection with a professional, licensed contractor right away. Do not attempt to inspect the tank’s contents on your own – the toxic gases inside have the potential to kill.

The inspection will involve locating the tank, digging up any buried covers or components, ensuring all drains are flowing into the tank and measuring the levels of scum and sludge. The licensed plumbing expert can also view the interior sides of the tank, making sure there are no cracks that could lead to a waste leak, and also verify parts are working in connected components such as a pump or distribution box. Make note of all results of the inspector’s findings and keep any diagrams and information on hand for easy reference. Schedule follow-up inspections and pumping dates according to professional recommendations, which are based on your average household wastewater emissions.

Stay Aware of Needs and Dangers

Once you know where your septic tank is located, stay away from the ground covering the system. Do not park machinery or plant trees above the tank, as ultra-compact soil and invading roots can cause damage to the pipes and tank. Focus on water conservation in your household, staying careful not to overload the septic system.

Invest in regular septic tank maintenance, have any needed minor repairs done and your wastewater disposal system can last 20 years or more without requiring replacement.

Jen is a writer and blogger, and works as the Director of Digital Content at Be Locally in South Jordan, Utah.

A licensed plumber can give you tips on maintaining a clean and lasting septic tank.

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