Here are 5 types of water treatment systems that can improve your home's water.
According to a U.S. Geographical Survey, 90% of the United States has hard water. Hard water occurs naturally from water picking up dissolved minerals found in soil. Usually, the minerals contributing to hard water are calcium and magnesium. Hard water does not have any known adverse health effects, but it is responsible for scale on your plumbing fixtures, inside of your appliances and pipes, and the film in your shower. Scale also causes soap to lather less effectively, making it harder to rinse away.
Water softeners remove scale-causing minerals from water by switching it out for another nontoxic substance, which is usually salt. The water softener has negatively charged resin beads that hold the positively charged salt ions. As the water passes by the resin beads, the positively charged magnesium and calcium ions are attracted to the negatively charged resin beads. Since the calcium and magnesium ions have a stronger charge, they take the place of the sodium ions, which are released into the water.
Sulfur Odor Oxidizer
Sulfur odor in water often occurs in well water and is caused by hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is not in itself hazardous to health, but it can give the water an undesirable rotten egg smell. It can also cause a difference in appearance in beverages like coffee or tea, as well as in the appearance or taste in some foods. Hydrogen sulfide can also promote bacteria growth, which can be hazardous to health.
A sulfur odor oxidizer removes sulfur odor from water by removing the hydrogen sulfide. To remove the hydrogen sulfide, it has to be oxidized. In the oxidation process, another element, such as hydrogen peroxide, is added that causes the hydrogen sulfide to condense from a gaseous state to a solid state. In a solid state, the hydrogen sulfide can then be filtered out of the water.
Have you ever noticed red stains on your tub or toilet? These are usually caused by ferrous, also known as iron, in the water. Iron is generally not hazardous to your health, but like hydrogen sulfide, it can promote bacteria growth.
Also like with hydrogen sulfide, removing the iron generally begins with oxidation. Once the iron has been oxidized into a solid state, it can be removed by filtering.
For most well water, chlorination is not needed. If there is a presence of certain types of bacteria, however, chlorination may be recommended. In a chlorination/dechlorination system, chlorine is injected into the water in a holding tank. The water stays in the tank for about 20 minutes to allow the chlorine to adequately treat the water. After it has been chlorinated, the water is passed through a carbon filter. The carbon filter filters out chlorine and other contaminants to improve the taste and the odor of the water.
Reverse osmosis has long been used as a means to remove sodium from salt water. It has found to also be effective at removing other contaminants for general water treatment in Ocala, FL. In a reverse osmosis system, water is pushed through a semipermeable membrane that allows the water to flow though, but stops anything larger than about 0.001 microns from passing through to the other side. Reverse osmosis does not remove chemicals such as chlorine, however, so many reverse osmosis systems will also include a carbon filter to assist in bettering the taste of water as well as the health.
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